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Mini Course for Learning Spanish: Basics for Total Beginners

Updated: May 28

This your quick start guide to learning Spanish! This mini course is designed to introduce you to the essentials of the Spanish language, covering basic vocabulary, grammar, and phrases. Let's dive in!

Alphabet and Pronunciation

  • Alphabet: Spanish uses the Latin alphabet with 27 letters (including ñ).

  • Pronunciation: Each letter has a relatively consistent sound, making pronunciation straightforward once you learn the basics. Key sounds to practice:

  • The rolled "r"

  • The ñ sound (like "ny" in "canyon")

  • The difference between "v" and "b" (which are often pronounced similarly in Spanish)

Basic Vocabulary

  • Greetings:

  • Hola (Hello)

  • Adiós (Goodbye)

  • Buenos días (Good morning)

  • Buenas tardes (Good afternoon)

  • Buenas noches (Good evening/night)

  • Numbers 1-10:

  • Uno, dos, tres, cuatro, cinco, seis, siete, ocho, nueve, diez

  • Colors:

  • Rojo (Red), Azul (Blue), Verde (Green), Amarillo (Yellow), Negro (Black), Blanco (White)

Essential Phrases

  • ¿Cómo estás? (How are you?)

  • Estoy bien, gracias. ¿Y tú? (I'm fine, thanks. And you?)

  • ¿Cómo te llamas? (What's your name?)

  • Me llamo [your name]. (My name is [your name].)

  • Por favor (Please)

  • Gracias (Thank you)

  • Lo siento (Sorry)

  • No entiendo (I don't understand)

Basic Grammar

  • Subject Pronouns:

  • Yo (I), Tú (You informal), Él/Ella (He/She), Nosotros (We), Vosotros (You all informal, used mainly in Spain), Ellos/Ellas (They)

  • Present Tense Verbs: Spanish verbs are conjugated according to the subject. Start with regular verbs like "hablar" (to speak), "comer" (to eat), and "vivir" (to live).

  • Example: Yo hablo, Tú comes, Él vive

  • The verb "to be": There are two verbs for "to be" in Spanish, "ser" and "estar", used in different contexts.

  • "Ser" is used for permanent states (Yo soy estudiante).

  • "Estar" is for temporary states (Yo estoy cansado).

Practical Tips for Learning

  • Listen and Repeat: Listening to Spanish music, podcasts, or watching shows can immerse you in the language and improve your pronunciation.

  • Practice Everyday: Even if it's just a few minutes, regular practice makes a huge difference.

  • Use Language Apps: Apps like Duolingo, Babbel, or Rosetta Stone can provide structured learning and practice.

  • Speak with Natives: Language exchange meetups or online platforms can connect you with native speakers to practice conversational Spanish.

  • Join an online course with Spanish Millennium

Remember, learning a new language is a journey. Be patient with yourself, and celebrate every step forward. ¡Buena suerte! (Good luck!)

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